Tag Archives: Supreme Court

On This Date in Legal History

On October 16, 1974, oral arguments took place at the United States Supreme Court in Taylor v. Louisiana. Billy Taylor challenged his conviction (for aggravated kidnapping) by an all-male jury. Louisiana excused women from jury service. Taylor claimed that he … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 15, 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed William J. Brennan to the United States Supreme Court.  He remained on the Court for over 33 years, until July 20, 1990.  In July 1997, he passed away, however his legacy … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 14, 1911, former Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan passed away. From 1877 to 1911 he served as an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court where he earned the reputation as the “great dissenter.” He’s probably … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 13, 2004, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case Roper v. Simmons.  Roper involved a high school student, Christopher Simmons, who confessed to a murder and was tried and sentenced to death.  He was 17 … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 12, 1944, the case Korematsu v. United States was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  Two years earlier a military order required Fred Korematsu to leave his home in San Leandro, California, and live in a detention … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 11, 1872, former Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone was born. Learn more about this justice at http://goo.gl/KROcZ7.

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1941 President Roosevelt appointed Robert H. Jackson to the U.S. Supreme Court, where he served until Oct 9, 1954, when he passed away.  He might be best remembered, however, as the  Chief U.S. Prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials.  Learn more … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1888 President Grover Cleveland nominated Melville W. Fuller to be chief justice of the United States Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed his appointment (41 to 20), and on October 8, 1888, he was sworn in. Notably, it was Chief Justice Fuller … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 7, 2014, oral argument took place before the United States Supreme Court in Holt v. Hobbs.  A devout Muslim prisoner objected to a prison policy that prevented him from growing a ½-inch beard in accordance with his religious … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

President Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to the United States Supreme Court.  On October 6, 1991, news organizations reported that a law professor, Anita Hill, claimed that Judge Thomas had formerly sexually harassed her at work. She had worked for him … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 4, 1983, Lynch v. Donnelly was argued before the Supreme Court.  The Court was asked to decide whether the City of Pawtucket violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment when it included a nativity scene in its annual … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On September 24, 1789, President George Washington signed into law the Judiciary Act. The Act created our federal court system. It stated the Supreme Court was to have a chief justice and five associate justices (but Congress has since increased … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On September 19, 1907, Lewis F. Powell Jr. was born.  From 1972-1987 he served on the United States Supreme Court. Learn more about Justice Powell at http://goo.gl/6cnsSi.

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On This Date in Legal History

President Madison nominated Joseph Story to the United States Supreme Court.  He served on the Court for over 33 years until his death on September 10, 1845.  He’s probably best remembered today for his opinion in the Amistad case.  The … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On September 8, 1974, President Ford pardoned former President Nixon for any crimes he may have committed while in office. Ford cited his authority to do so pursuant to Article II, Section 2 of the United States Constitution. He explained … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

President George W. Bush nominated John G. Roberts, Jr., initially, to fill retiring Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor’s seat on the United States Supreme Court. However, after Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist passed away, on September 5, 2005, President Bush … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

From 1891-1906 Associate Justice Henry Billings Brown served on the United States Supreme Court. On September 4, 1913, he passed away. Learn more about this justice at http://goo.gl/A8NfM7.

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On This Date in Legal History

On September 3, ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­2005, former Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist passed away. Learn more about this influential justice at http://goo.gl/2EMHsU.

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On This Date in Legal History

On August 27, 1948, Charles Evans Hughes passed away. From 1910-1916 he was an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court, and from 1930-1941 he was the Chief Justice. He was the 39th Governor of New York (1907-1910), and … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On August 25, 1998, former Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell passed away. In 1971, President Nixon nominated him to the Supreme Court. On June 26, 1987, he retired from the Court after serving over 15 years. Learn more about Justice Powell … Continue reading

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