Tag Archives: Supreme Court

On This Date in Legal History

On November 26, 1973, former Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court Charles Whittaker passed away.  He served on the Court from March 1957-March 1962. Learn more about this interesting jurist at https://goo.gl/Ty3Vb4.

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 25, 1757, Henry Brockholst Livingston was born in New York City.  In 1806 President Thomas Jefferson appointed him to the Supreme Court.  From 1807-1823 he served as an Associate Justice on the Court. You can learn more about … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In the case of Reed v. Reed, Sally Reed and her former husband, Cecil, each petitioned an Idaho Probate Court to be appointed administrator of their son’s estate. The Court appointed Cecil Reed without analyzing either parent’s qualifications, since an … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 20, 1961, the United States Supreme Court decided Hoyt v. Florida. The case involved an all-male jury convicting Gwendolyn Hoyt of killing her husband. In Florida women were excluded from jury service unless they proactively registered with the clerk … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 17, 1980, the United States Supreme Court decided Stone, et al. v. Graham, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Kentucky.  The case arose after Kentucky legislators passed a law mandating the posting of the Ten Commandments in every public … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1922 President Warren G. Harding, a Republican, appointed Pierce Butler, a Democrat from Minnesota, to the United States Supreme Court, breaking the tradition of appointing a justice from one’s own party.  Today, that would be unheard of.  On December … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 15, 1882, former Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter was born in Austria. In 1939, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt nominated him to the United States Supreme Court. Unlike nowadays, it wasn’t customary for nominees to appear before the Senate Judiciary Committee, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1914 Takao Ozawa applied for citizenship after living in the United States for twenty years. He was born in Japan, but attended high school and college here. He had children who attended American schools, and English was spoken in … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 12, 1908, Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun was born. He’s probably best known as the author of the Roe v. Wade decision that legalized a woman’s right to have an abortion during the first trimester.     … Continue reading

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The Congressional Research Service’s Supreme Court Appointment Process: Senate Debate and Confirmation Vote report provides, in detail, what happens after the Senate formally receives from the President of the United States the name of a Supreme Court nominee.  Learn about the … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 9, 1938, Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  The case arose after an African American student, Lloyd Gaines, was denied admission to the University of Missouri’s School of Law solely on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In August 1960, African American boys and girls entered a nationwide chain store, S. H. Kress, in Greenville, South Carolina, and sat at a lunch counter designated for whites only. The store manager turned off the lights, announced the lunch … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 6, 1991, the case of Lee v. Weisman was argued before the United Staters Supreme Court.  Daniel Weisman sued his daughter’s public school to bar them from inviting clergy to offer invocation and benediction prayers at her graduation. Weisman claimed … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 4, 1992, oral arguments took place in the Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah case at the United States Supreme Court. The question presented was- did the City of Hialeah violate the Church’s constitutional … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 3, 1845, Edward Douglass White was born. In 1894 President Cleveland nominated him to the United States Supreme Court, and that same year he was sworn in as an Associate Justice. He was eventually promoted to Chief Justice … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 1, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Bounds v. Smith.  North Carolina inmates claimed their constitutional rights were violated because they weren’t able to conduct legal research at their prisons.  The Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 31, 2005, President Bush nominated Samuel Alito to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the United States Supreme Court. At the time he was a justice on the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. The U.S. Senate confirmed … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 29, 1969, the United States Supreme Court decided Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education. The Court held that schools must desegregate immediately. The opinion states–“No person is to be effectively excluded from any school because of race or … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1789 George Washington nominated John Blair, Jr. to the United States Supreme Court. He was confirmed by the Senate, and served on the court until October 25, 1795. Learn more about Justice Blair at https://goo.gl/Qatd4b and https://goo.gl/TuVp8.

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On This Date in Legal History

In July 1991 President George H.W. Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to replace Thurgood Marshall, the first African American to serve on the United States Supreme Court.  Thomas was only 43 years old.  His confirmation hearings were contentious.  A former employee, … Continue reading

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