Tag Archives: segregation

On This Date in Legal History

After Brown v. Board of Education was decided, the County Board of Supervisors in Prince Edward, Louisiana, tried to circumvent integrating their public schools by not funding them, thus forcing them to close. Meanwhile, they assisted white families financially (by … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1890 the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies to provide “for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races.”  The races weren’t permitted to sit together.  Any passenger who violated the law was subject to … Continue reading

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Remembering Mary Church Terrell

Mary Church Terrell was an African-American civil rights activist. She fought to desegregate Washington D.C. In 1949, when she and others visited a segregated popular restaurant, John R. Thompson Co., Inc., they refused to serve those who weren’t white. A … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1944 Irene Amos Morgan, an African American woman, was traveling on a bus in Virginia (on her way to Maryland) when she was asked by the driver to give up her seat for a white passenger. She was told … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On February 26, 1962, the United States Supreme Court unequivocally stated in Bailey v. Patterson that “no State may require racial segregation of interstate or intrastate transportation facilities.” Read the decision at https://goo.gl/2AY4vh.

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On This Date in Legal History

On September 12, 1958, the Supreme Court decided Cooper v. Aaron. In that case, the Little Rock School Board asked the Court to postpone the integration of their high school.  The Arkansas Governor and Legislature stirred up trouble and incited mayhem … Continue reading

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Mary Church Terrell

Mary Church Terrell was an African-American civil rights activist. She fought to desegregate Washington D.C. In 1949, she and others visited a segregated popular restaurant, John R. Thompson Co., Inc. The restaurant refused to serve those who weren’t white. A … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ordered public schools to integrate, stating– “in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1960, African Americans brought a lawsuit to desegregate the public parks and recreational facilities in the City of Memphis. On May 27, 1963, the United States Supreme Court held in Watson v. City of Memphis that, “the continued denial … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1890, the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies in the state to provide equal, but separate, cars for blacks and whites.  The races were not permitted to sit in each other’s railway cars.  Any passenger who … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On February 26, 1962, the United States Supreme Court unequivocally stated in Bailey v. Patterson that “no State may require racial segregation of interstate or intrastate transportation facilities.” The Justices explained that would be unconstitutional.

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Lee Daniels’ The Butler

One extremely entertaining (and educational) way of celebrating Black History Month is by watching Lee Daniels’ The Butler. This historical drama traces the fictional life of a former slave, Cecil Gaines, who becomes a butler for Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On December 25, 1962, the movie To Kill a Mockingbird opened.  Learn more at http://goo.gl/jljY20 and http://goo.gl/RT4GzQ.

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1952 and 1953 the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  Learn more at http://goo.gl/ti9gZN and https://goo.gl/orzmft.

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On This Date in Legal History

On December 28, 1958, a Howard University African American law student, Bruce Boynton, boarded a Trailways bus in Washington DC.  He was heading to Alabama, when his bus stopped for forty-five minutes at a Trailways Bus Terminal in Richmond, Virginia. … Continue reading

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Civil Rights Attorney John Doar

On this date in ­­­1921 John Doar was born. He was a remarkable civil rights attorney. In 2012 President Obama awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom. From 1960-1967 he worked as an Assistant Attorney General for the Department of … Continue reading

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On This Date Rosa Parks Was Arrested

On this day in 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat and move to the back of a Montgomery City bus where other African Americans were seated.  Take a look at the Arrest Report at … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On August 9, 1960, African American boys and girls entered a nationwide chain store, S. H. Kress, in Greenville, South Carolina, and sat at a lunch counter designated for whites only.  The store manager turned off the lights, announced the … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1969 the United States Supreme Court decided Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education.  The Court held that schools must desegregate immediately. The opinion states–“No person is to be effectively excluded from any school because of race … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1961 oral argument took place in the Garner v. Louisiana case at the United States Supreme Court. The case arose after African American students (peacefully) sat at lunch counters reserved for white patrons in Baton Rouge. The police … Continue reading

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