Tag Archives: SCOTUS

On This Date in Legal History

On November 26, 1973, former Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court Charles Whittaker passed away.  He served on the Court from March 1957-March 1962. Learn more about this interesting jurist at https://goo.gl/Ty3Vb4.

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On This Date in Legal History

In the case of Reed v. Reed, Sally Reed and her former husband, Cecil, each petitioned an Idaho Probate Court to be appointed administrator of their son’s estate. The Court appointed Cecil Reed without analyzing either parent’s qualifications, since an … Continue reading

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A Movie You Might Find Interesting–

Have you seen the movie Bridge of Spies?  The film dramatizes the arrest and conviction of Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel for espionage in 1957. James Donovan, a respected insurance lawyer, is pressured to scale back his defense of the spy, but … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 17, 1980, the United States Supreme Court decided Stone, et al. v. Graham, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Kentucky.  The case arose after Kentucky legislators passed a law mandating the posting of the Ten Commandments in every public … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1922 President Warren G. Harding, a Republican, appointed Pierce Butler, a Democrat from Minnesota, to the United States Supreme Court, breaking the tradition of appointing a justice from one’s own party.  Today, that would be unheard of.  On December … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 15, 1882, former Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter was born in Austria. In 1939, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt nominated him to the United States Supreme Court. Unlike nowadays, it wasn’t customary for nominees to appear before the Senate Judiciary Committee, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1914 Takao Ozawa applied for citizenship after living in the United States for twenty years. He was born in Japan, but attended high school and college here. He had children who attended American schools, and English was spoken in … Continue reading

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The Congressional Research Service’s Supreme Court Appointment Process: Senate Debate and Confirmation Vote report provides, in detail, what happens after the Senate formally receives from the President of the United States the name of a Supreme Court nominee.  Learn about the … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 9, 1938, Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  The case arose after an African American student, Lloyd Gaines, was denied admission to the University of Missouri’s School of Law solely on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In August 1960, African American boys and girls entered a nationwide chain store, S. H. Kress, in Greenville, South Carolina, and sat at a lunch counter designated for whites only. The store manager turned off the lights, announced the lunch … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 6, 1991, the case of Lee v. Weisman was argued before the United Staters Supreme Court.  Daniel Weisman sued his daughter’s public school to bar them from inviting clergy to offer invocation and benediction prayers at her graduation. Weisman claimed … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 4, 1992, oral arguments took place in the Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah case at the United States Supreme Court. The question presented was- did the City of Hialeah violate the Church’s constitutional … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 3, 1845, Edward Douglass White was born. In 1894 President Cleveland nominated him to the United States Supreme Court, and that same year he was sworn in as an Associate Justice. He was eventually promoted to Chief Justice … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 1, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Bounds v. Smith.  North Carolina inmates claimed their constitutional rights were violated because they weren’t able to conduct legal research at their prisons.  The Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 31, 2005, President Bush nominated Samuel Alito to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the United States Supreme Court. At the time he was a justice on the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. The U.S. Senate confirmed … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 29, 1969, the United States Supreme Court decided Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education. The Court held that schools must desegregate immediately. The opinion states–“No person is to be effectively excluded from any school because of race or … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 21, 1971, President Nixon nominated William H. Rehnquist to replace Associate Justice John Marshall Harlan on the United States Supreme Court.  In December of the same year, the Senate confirmed his nomination. Fifteen years later, President Reagan nominated him, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 19, 1961, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Hoyt v. Florida. The case arose after an all-male jury convicted Gwendolyn Hoyt of killing her husband. Hoyt argued the lack of women on her … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 16, 1974, oral arguments took place at the United States Supreme Court in Taylor v. Louisiana. Billy Taylor challenged his conviction (for aggravated kidnapping) by an all-male jury. Louisiana excused women from jury service. Taylor claimed that he … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On October 15, 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed William J. Brennan to the United States Supreme Court.  He remained on the Court for over 33 years, until July 20, 1990.  In July 1997, he passed away, however his legacy … Continue reading

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