Tag Archives: Fourteenth Amendment

On This Date in Legal History

After Brown v. Board of Education was decided, the County Board of Supervisors in Prince Edward, Louisiana, tried to circumvent integrating their public schools by not funding them, thus forcing them to close. Meanwhile, they assisted white families financially (by … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1890 the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies to provide “for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races.”  The races weren’t permitted to sit together.  Any passenger who violated the law was subject to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Gerald Gault and a friend allegedly made an obscene phone call to a neighbor. On June 8, 1964, both boys were taken into custody. After a hearing Gerald was committed to the State Industrial School until he was 21. His … Continue reading

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Happy Law Day!

This year we’re celebrating the 14th Amendment.  If you want to learn more go to http://bcove.me/hzscwv75 and  https://goo.gl/EzNUly.

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 29, 1875, the United States Supreme Court decided Minor v. Happersett. Virginia Minor sued after she was prevented from registering to vote because she was a woman.  She alleged that her Fourteenth Amendment rights had been violated.  A lower court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 7, 1927, the United States Supreme Court decided Nixon v. Herndon.  The case arose after an African American living in Texas was denied the right to vote in a Democratic primary election.  A Texas statute stated– “in no event … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 2, 1961, African American students gathered to protest racial segregation in South Carolina. They began their demonstration in a church and marched to the State House in small groups of about 15. There were 187 students, in all. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On January 25-26, 1966, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections. The Court was asked to decide if the State of Virginia could require their citizens to pay a poll tax (or fee) … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Gary Duncan was charged with simple battery after allegedly slapping someone. He requested a jury trial, to no avail. He was found guilty and sentenced to 60 days in jail and a $10.00 fine. Duncan appealed his conviction claiming his … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1946 Ada Lois Sipuel applied to the University of Oklahoma Law School which was funded with taxpayer money. She was an African American woman. On January 14, 1946, she was denied admission solely on the basis of her race. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

An Oklahoma law permitted 18 year old females to purchase 3.2% beer but barred males from purchasing the same beer until they were 21. In Craig v. Boren that law was challenged, and on December 20, 1976, the United States Supreme Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On December 10, 1973, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Lau v. Nichols. Non-English-speaking Chinese students claimed that the San Francisco School District failed to provide them with English instruction violating the 14th Amendment and the Civil Rights Act … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On June 29, 1972, the United States Supreme Court decided the case of Furman v. Georgia. Prisoners appealed their death sentences– claiming that the punishment, as applied to them, was unconstitutional. The Court agreed, and held–“the death penalty did violate … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1905 the United States Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Lochner v. New York. Joseph Lochner was the owner of a bakery in Utica, New York. He was arrested after permitting one of his bakers to … Continue reading

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When Did Women Acquire the Right to Vote?

On this day in 1875 the United States Supreme Court decided Minor v. Happersett. Virginia Minor, a Missouri resident, sued after she was prevented from registering to vote because she was a woman.  She alleged that her Fourteenth Amendment rights had … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 2, 1961, African American students gathered to protest racial segregation in South Carolina. They began their demonstration in a church and marched to the State House in small groups of about 15. There were 187 students, in all. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1966 the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections.  The Court was asked to decide if the State of Virginia could require their citizens to pay a poll tax … Continue reading

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States Can’t Ban Same-Sex Marriage

On Friday the United States Supreme Court held (in a 5-4 decision) that States can’t ban same-sex marriages– http://1.usa.gov/1QTtTz1. Justice Kennedy wrote—“same-sex couples may exercise the fundamental right to marry in all States…[and] there is no lawful basis for a … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 21, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral argument in the case of  Meachum v. Fano. State prisoners, who were believed to be disruptive, sued to prevent their transfer to a less desirable facility. The question was—is … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1941 Smith Betts, an unemployed farmhand who was not well educated, was indicted on a robbery charge in a Maryland courthouse. He was poor and unable to afford an attorney so he asked the Court to appoint one. The … Continue reading

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