Tag Archives: equal protection

On This Date in Legal History

In 1958 Mildred Jeter, part Black and part Native American, and Richard Loving, a white man, married in Washington, D.C. Afterwards, they returned to Virginia where they planned to settle down. According to state law, interracial marriages were forbidden at … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

After Brown v. Board of Education was decided, the County Board of Supervisors in Prince Edward, Louisiana, tried to circumvent integrating their public schools by not funding them, thus forcing them to close. Meanwhile, they assisted white families financially (by … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1890 the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies to provide “for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races.”  The races weren’t permitted to sit together.  Any passenger who violated the law was subject to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1951 an all-Anglo grand jury indicted Pete Hernandez for murder in Jackson County, Texas, and then an all-Anglo petit jury found him guilty. Hernandez was of Mexican descent, so his attorneys attempted to quash both the indictment and jury … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 19,1994, the United States Supreme Court held in J.E.B. v. Alabama that the Equal Protection clause prohibits gender-based discrimination during jury selection. Justice Blackmun, who authored the majority opinion, explained– “Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1965 Joseph Lee Jones tried to purchase a home in St. Louis County, Missouri.  The developer refused to sell to him because he was African American, so he sued.  On April 1, 1968, his case was argued before the … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1944 Irene Amos Morgan, an African American woman, was traveling on a bus in Virginia (on her way to Maryland) when she was asked by the driver to give up her seat for a white passenger. She was told … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1946 Ada Lois Sipuel applied to the University of Oklahoma Law School which was funded with taxpayer money. She was an African American woman. On January 14, 1946, she was denied admission solely on the basis of her race. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

An Oklahoma law permitted 18 year old females to purchase 3.2% beer but barred males from purchasing the same beer until they were 21. In Craig v. Boren that law was challenged, and on December 20, 1976, the United States Supreme Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

James Batson was a black man accused of committing a felony. At his trial the prosecutor removed all blacks from serving on the jury, so he had an all-white panel. He objected claiming his constitutional rights were being violated under … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On December 7, 1964, the United States Supreme Court decided McLaughlin v. Florida. The defendants were an unmarried interracial couple living together, even though Florida law banned “any Negro man and white woman, or any white man and Negro woman” from cohabitation. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 20, 1961, the United States Supreme Court decided Hoyt v. Florida. The case involved an all-male jury convicting Gwendolyn Hoyt of killing her husband. In Florida women were excluded from jury service unless they proactively registered with the clerk … Continue reading

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The Civil Rights Act of 1957

On September 9, President Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957. The Act established a Commission to investigate whether persons were being denied their voting or equal protection rights under the law because of their race, color, … Continue reading

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Two Noteworthy Equal Protection Cases

On May 25, 1959, the United States Supreme Court held in State Athletic Commission v. Dorsey that a Louisiana statute, banning interracial prizefighting, violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. Five years later, on May 25th, the Supreme … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1924 the superintendent at Virginia’s State Colony for Epileptics and Feeble Minded sought to forcibly sterilize Carrie Buck under the state’s eugenics sterilization law.  At the time she was 18 years old and described as feeble-minded. Her mother was also under … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 19,1994, the United States Supreme Court held in J.E.B. v. Alabama that the Equal Protection clause prohibits gender-based discrimination during jury selection. Justice Blackmun, who authored the majority Opinion, explained– “Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1979 Joe Hogan applied for admission to the School of Nursing at Mississippi University for Women.  He was seeking to obtain a degree in nursing, but the University had a single-sex admission policy.  They only admitted women.  He sued … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1946 Ada Lois Sipuel applied to the University of Oklahoma Law School which was funded with taxpayer money.  She was an African American woman.  On January 14, 1946, she was denied admission solely on the basis of her race. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

An Oklahoma law permitted 18 year old females to purchase 3.2% beer but barred males from purchasing the same beer until they were 21. In Craig v. Boren that law was challenged, and on this date in 1976 the United … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1952 and 1953 the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  Learn more at http://goo.gl/ti9gZN and https://goo.gl/orzmft.

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