Tag Archives: constitutional

On This Date in Legal History

On March 11, 1943, West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette was argued before the United States Supreme Court. The case arose after the Board of Education required all public school students to use a “stiff-arm” salute while reciting the Pledge … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Eugene Debs gave a speech intending to encourage others not to join the military. He was indicted and convicted by a jury for violating the Espionage Act. The Act made it a crime to obstruct military recruitment during World War … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On January 22, 1973, the United States Supreme Court decided Roe v. Wade.  The Court ruled (in a 7:2 decision) that a Texas criminal abortion law (that permitted only abortions to save the mother’s life) was unconstitutional.

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On This Date in Legal History

An Oklahoma law permitted 18 year old females to purchase 3.2% beer but barred males from purchasing the same beer until they were 21. In Craig v. Boren that law was challenged, and on December 20, 1976, the United States Supreme Court … Continue reading

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The Bail Reform Act

In 1984, Congress passed the Bail Reform Act. This legislation requires courts to detain persons charged with serious crimes, before trial, if the government can show they are a danger to society. Two men (detained pretrial) challenged the Act as … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Taxpayers sued New York City’s Board of Education in order to challenge a policy that permitted students to leave school during the day to attend religious instruction elsewhere. No public funds were used and no religious instruction took place on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 2, 2012, the United States Supreme Court decided Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders of the County of Burlington.  The issue in the case was whether it was constitutional for correctional officers to strip-search an individual arrested for … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 31, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Gregg v. Georgia on whether the death penalty constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment.  You can listen to the Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 20, 1961, the United States Supreme Court decided Hoyt v. Florida. The case involved an all-male jury convicting Gwendolyn Hoyt of killing her husband. In Florida women were excluded from jury service unless they proactively registered with the clerk … Continue reading

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