Tag Archives: #apgov

On This Date in Legal History

On March 17, 1777, Supreme Court Justice Roger B. Taney was born. He was the 11th United States Attorney General and the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He served on the Court for 28 years. He’s probably best remembered for … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 7, 1927, the United States Supreme Court decided Nixon v. Herndon.  The case arose after an African American living in Texas was denied the right to vote in a Democratic primary election.  A Texas statute stated– “in no event … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 5, 1897, United States v. Wong Kim Ark was argued before the Supreme Court. The following facts were presented– Wong Kim Ark was born in San Francisco in 1873, and he continuously maintained a residence there. When he was around … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1943, James Girouard, a Canadian, filed a petition for naturalization. When asked if he’d “take up arms in defense of this country,” he said, “No (Non-cabatant) Seventh Day Adventist.” He did say, however, that he’d serve in the army … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

The Good News Club, a private Christian organization for children, wanted to use Milford Central School property for their after school meetings. Milford denied their request. The Club sued, claiming that their rights to free speech were violated. Their case … Continue reading

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The 22nd Amendment

On February 27, 1951, the 22nd Amendment was ratified. It established term limits for the president. No person can serve more than “two terms in office, a total of eight years,” unless he or she “serve[d] two years or less … Continue reading

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Remembering Justice Frankfurter

On November 15, 1882, former Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter was born in Austria. In 1939, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt nominated him to the United States Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed his nomination, and he served on the Court until … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

The 5th Amendment states private property can’t “be taken for public use, without just compensation.” In 1822 John Barron brought a lawsuit against the City of Baltimore claiming their actions caused him to lose the use of his wharf— violating his … Continue reading

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From 1914 to 1932 Benjamin Nathan Cardozo served on the New York State Court of Appeals (initially as an Associate Justice, later as Chief Justice). On February 15, 1932, President Hoover appointed him to the United States Supreme Court where he … Continue reading

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Esther Hobart Morris

In February 1870 Esther Hobart Morris “became the first woman to hold judicial office in the modern world.” She was appointed justice of the peace for the South Pass District in Wyoming. A statue of her stands at the National … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On February 11, 1856, the case of Dred Scott v. Sandford was argued before the Supreme Court; and on Mar 6, 1857, the Court held that African-American slaves (and their descendants) were not citizens. Consequently, they had no standing to sue … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1837 Margaret Morgan was living as a free woman with her children in Pennsylvania, when slaveholders claimed she was their property. Edward Prigg grabbed her and forcibly brought her back to Maryland. He was convicted of kidnapping under Pennsylvania … Continue reading

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The 11th Amendment

On February 7, 1795, the Eleventh Amendment was ratified.  The Amendment states– The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United … Continue reading

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President William McKinley

On this date in 1843 William McKinley was born.  Prior to becoming our 25th President, he was an officer in the Army, a practicing lawyer, a Congressman, and Governor of Ohio. Learn more by visiting his Presidential Library at http://mckinleymuseum.org/.

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Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr.

On January 27, 1955, John Roberts was born.  Learn more about our Chief Justice at https://goo.gl/sXs5DZ and https://goo.gl/I5LJYA.

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Remembering Justice Potter Stewart

On January 23, 1915, former Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart was born. Before his appointment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in 1954, Justice Stewart earned his undergraduate and law degree from Yale, was an … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On January 22, 1973, the United States Supreme Court decided Roe v. Wade.  The Court ruled (in a 7:2 decision) that a Texas criminal abortion law (that permitted only abortions to save the mother’s life) was unconstitutional.

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Chief Justice John Marshall

On January 20, 1801, President Adams nominated John Marshall to be Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. On January 27, 1801, the Senate confirmed his nomination. He served on the Supreme Court for 34 years. His judicial opinions, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Gary Duncan was charged with simple battery after allegedly slapping someone. He requested a jury trial, to no avail. He was found guilty and sentenced to 60 days in jail and a $10.00 fine. Duncan appealed his conviction claiming his … Continue reading

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Today we honor civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Watch this news clip of President Reagan signing into law the bill making Martin Luther King’s birthday a federal holiday at https://goo.gl/ps6sXe. You can learn more about the bill’s history … Continue reading

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