Tag Archives: 14th Amendment

On This Date in Legal History

On March 7, 1927, the United States Supreme Court decided Nixon v. Herndon.  The case arose after an African American living in Texas was denied the right to vote in a Democratic primary election.  A Texas statute stated– “in no event … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 2, 1961, African American students gathered to protest racial segregation in South Carolina. They began their demonstration in a church and marched to the State House in small groups of about 15. There were 187 students, in all. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1977 Miami Beach policemen were charged with conspiracy to commit burglary, possession of burglary tools and grand larceny. They were accused of breaking and entering a restaurant. They tried to prevent televised coverage of their trial, but the Court ruled … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Gary Duncan was charged with simple battery after allegedly slapping someone. He requested a jury trial, to no avail. He was found guilty and sentenced to 60 days in jail and a $10.00 fine. Duncan appealed his conviction claiming his … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1946 Ada Lois Sipuel applied to the University of Oklahoma Law School which was funded with taxpayer money. She was an African American woman. On January 14, 1946, she was denied admission solely on the basis of her race. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

An Oklahoma law permitted 18 year old females to purchase 3.2% beer but barred males from purchasing the same beer until they were 21. In Craig v. Boren that law was challenged, and on December 20, 1976, the United States Supreme Court … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

James Batson was a black man accused of committing a felony. At his trial the prosecutor removed all blacks from serving on the jury, so he had an all-white panel. He objected claiming his constitutional rights were being violated under … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On December 10, 1973, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Lau v. Nichols. Non-English-speaking Chinese students claimed that the San Francisco School District failed to provide them with English instruction violating the 14th Amendment and the Civil Rights Act … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On July 9, 1868, the 14th Amendment to our Constitution was ratified.  You can gain a better understanding of the Amendment by reading–  10 Huge Supreme Court Cases About the 14th Amendment at http://goo.gl/sVloVJ.

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1912, Beys Afroyim immigrated to the United States and became a naturalized citizen in 1926. In 1950 he went to Israel, and the following year, voted in their elections. When he tried to renew his passport in 1960, the … Continue reading

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Two Noteworthy Equal Protection Cases

On May 25, 1959, the United States Supreme Court held in State Athletic Commission v. Dorsey that a Louisiana statute, banning interracial prizefighting, violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. Five years later, on May 25th, the Supreme … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1951 an all-Anglo grand jury indicted Pete Hernandez for murder in Jackson County, Texas, and then an all-Anglo petit jury found him guilty.  Hernandez was of Mexican descent, so his attorneys attempted to quash both the indictment and jury … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1924 the superintendent at Virginia’s State Colony for Epileptics and Feeble Minded sought to forcibly sterilize Carrie Buck under the state’s eugenics sterilization law.  At the time she was 18 years old and described as feeble-minded. Her mother was also under … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 21, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Meachum v. Fano. State prisoners, who were believed to be disruptive, sued to prevent their transfer to a less desirable facility. The issue on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 19,1994, the United States Supreme Court held in J.E.B. v. Alabama that the Equal Protection clause prohibits gender-based discrimination during jury selection. Justice Blackmun, who authored the majority Opinion, explained– “Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1905 the United States Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Lochner v. New York. Joseph Lochner was the owner of a bakery in Utica, New York. He was arrested after permitting one of his bakers to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1979 Joe Hogan applied for admission to the School of Nursing at Mississippi University for Women.  He was seeking to obtain a degree in nursing, but the University had a single-sex admission policy.  They only admitted women.  He sued … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On March 2, 1961, African American students gathered to protest racial segregation in South Carolina. They began their demonstration in a church and marched to the State House in small groups of about 15. There were 187 students, in all. … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

The 5th Amendment states private property can’t “be taken for public use, without just compensation.”  In 1822 John Barron brought a lawsuit against the City of Baltimore claiming their actions caused him to lose the use of his wharf— violating … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On February 10, 1947, the United States Supreme Court decided Everson v. Board of Education of the Township of Ewing. A taxpayer, Everson, sued the government claiming it was unconstitutional to use tax money to reimburse bus fare of parochial … Continue reading

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