President Madison nominated Joseph Story to the United States Supreme Court. He served on the Court for over 33 years until his death on September 10, 1845. He’s probably best remembered today for his opinion in the Amistad case. The Supreme Court was asked to determine whether free Africans kidnapped for the slave trade were “property” or free men and women. Justice Story wrote the opinion for the Court finding them to be free.
This historical event has probably become more widely known since Steven Spielberg’s 1997 movie of the same name. The movie tracked the plight of those kidnapped and the court proceedings leading up to, and including, the Supreme Court (albeit with artistic license). I recommend you watching it. See also https://goo.gl/m4Z8b.