On July 10, 1925, criminal proceedings began in the case of the State of Tennessee vs John Thomas Scopes. John Scopes was indicted for teaching the prohibited subject of evolution at a Dayton, Tennessee, public school. A jury found him guilty of violating Tennessee’s “Butler Act”.
Learn more at http://goo.gl/2Rx9Ea. Also, an entertaining 1960 movie entitled Inherit the Wind is based on this case. I recommend renting it.