A physician and Estelle Griswold, the Executive Director of a Planned Parenthood clinic in Connecticut, were convicted of violating a state law that prohibited the prescribing of birth control to married couples. They appealed their convictions to the United States Supreme Court. In the case of Griswold v. Connecticut, the Court held on June 7, 1965, that the law was unconstitutional and reversed the defendants’ convictions.
Justice Douglas, writing for the majority of the court, explained that the law violated the “right to marital privacy.” He wrote—“the right of privacy which presses for recognition here is a legitimate one. The present case, then, concerns a relationship lying within the zone of privacy created by several fundamental constitutional guarantees.” You can listen to the oral argument before the Supreme Court at http://goo.gl/vAyyjK.