On March 17, 1777, Supreme Court Justice Roger B. Taney was born. He was the 11th United States Attorney General and the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He served on the Court for 28 years. He’s probably best remembered for authoring the dreadful Dred Scott v. Sandford decision. In that case the Court found that African-American slaves (and their descendants) were not citizens; consequently, they had no standing to sue (for their freedom) in a U.S. court.
Justice Taney wrote, “in the opinion of the court, the legislation and the histories of the times, and the language used in the Declaration of Independence show, that neither the class of persons who had been imported as slaves, nor their descendants, whether they had become free or not, were then acknowledged as a part of the people, nor intended to be included in the general words used in that memorable instrument.” Learn more about Chief Justice Taney at https://www.oyez.org/justices/roger_b_taney.