On This Date in Legal History

On March 11, 1943, West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette was argued before the United States Supreme Court. The case arose after the Board of Education required all public school students to use a “stiff-arm” salute while reciting the Pledge of Allegiance. A student who refused could face expulsion, and their parents fined and imprisoned up to 30 days. Jehovah’s Witnesses brought the lawsuit to prevent enforcement of the mandate. Their religion didn’t permit the flag salute and pledge. The Supreme Court found in their favor. Justice Jackson, who authored the majority opinion wrote, “We think the action of the local authorities in compelling the flag salute and pledge transcends constitutional limitations on their power and invades the sphere of intellect and spirit which it is the purpose of the First Amendment to our constitution to reserve from official control.”

About Tina Nelson
Tina Nelson

Tina Nelson is an attorney and mom. She created the LAWSUIT™ board game to teach her three children about the law. The game was an instant success. Copyrights and a patent were obtained, and Professional Games, Inc. was born. Professional Games, Inc. created this blog to educate and keep its friends and customers regularly updated about our American legal system.
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