Earl Warren was nominated by President Eisenhower to be America’s 14th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. On March 1, 1954, the Senate confirmed his appointment. Less than three months later the Court decided the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. The justices unanimously declared separate educational facilities for the races were inherently unequal. Another well-known case, Miranda v. Arizona, was also handed down during Chief Justice Warren’s tenure. That case held police must recite the “Miranda warning” before interrogating any suspected criminal in custody. The warning advises suspects—they have the right to remain silent, and if they choose not to exercise the right, what’s said could be used against them. They’re entitled to an attorney, and if they can’t afford one, an attorney will be provided. After sixteen years on the Court (and many more landmark decisions), Chief Justice Earl Warren retired in 1969. He passed away five years later on this date.