In the case of Reed v. Reed, Sally Reed and her former husband, Cecil, each petitioned an Idaho Probate Court to be appointed administrator of their son’s estate. The Court appointed Cecil Reed without analyzing either parent’s qualifications, since an Idaho law dating back to 1864, mandated that males be preferred over females as representatives. Sally Reed argued the statute was unconstitutional.
On this day in 1971, the Supreme Court agreed and found the Idaho law violated the Equal Protection Clause. You can listen to the oral argument at https://goo.gl/1Q9gsd. Notably, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was one of the attorneys of record for Sally Reed.