In 1914 Takao Ozawa applied for citizenship after living in the United States for twenty years. He was born in Japan, but attended high school and college here. He had children who attended American schools, and English was spoken in their home. The Naturalization Act greatly limited the number of aliens that could become citizens, except for Caucasians, so Mr. Ozawa’s petition was denied. His case eventually reached the United States Supreme Court.
On November 13, 1922, the Court affirmed the lower court’s ruling. Justice Sutherland explained, because Ozawa was born in Japan and was Japanese, he was ineligible to become a citizen. You can read the entire decision at https://goo.gl/9An2MQ.