President Eisenhower nominated Earl Warren as the 14th chief justice of the United States Supreme Court. On October 5, 1953, he was sworn in.
Soon after, the Court decided the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education. The justices unanimously declared separate educational facilities for the races were inherently unequal. Another well-known case, Miranda v. Arizona, was also handed down during Chief Justice Warren’s tenure. That case held police must recite the “Miranda warning” before interrogating any suspected criminal in custody. The warning advises suspects—they have the right to remain silent, and if they choose not to exercise that right, what’s said could be used against them. They’re entitled to an attorney, and if they can’t afford one, an attorney will be provided. After sixteen years on the Court, and many more landmark decisions, Chief Justice Earl Warren retired in 1969.