Monthly Archives: October 2015

On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 2005 President Bush nominated Samuel Alito to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the United States Supreme Court. At the time he was a justice on the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. The U.S. Senate … Continue reading

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Lawyer-President John Adams

On this day in 1735 John Adams was born. He was the first attorney-president. As a lawyer, he’s probably best remembered for defending British soldiers at the Boston Massacre trials. It’s also worthy of note that he’s credited for drafting … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1969 the United States Supreme Court decided Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education.  The Court held that schools must desegregate immediately. The opinion states–“No person is to be effectively excluded from any school because of race … Continue reading

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The National Prohibition Act

On this date in 1919 the “National Prohibition Act” became law. The Act (also commonly known as the “Volstead Act”) spelled out how prohibition was to be enforced. The law remained in effect until the 21st Amendment was passed. You … Continue reading

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Harriet Ellan Miers

On this date in 2005 White House counsel Harriet Miers withdrew her name from consideration to replace Sandra Day O’Connor on the United States Supreme Court. Listen to this NPR report about her nomination http://goo.gl/JolVfH, and learn about her background … Continue reading

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Associate Justice John Blair, Jr.

In 1789 George Washington nominated John Blair, Jr. to the United States Supreme Court. He was confirmed by the Senate and served until this date in 1795. Learn more about this justice at http://www.constitutionday.com/blair-john-va.html and http://www.fjc.gov/public/home.nsf/hisj.

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Today is United Nations Day

In celebration of the United Nation’s 70th anniversary, take a look at President Obama’s proclamation to commemorate the event @ https://goo.gl/cmMFF5.

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On This Date in Legal History

In July 1991 President George H.W. Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to replace Thurgood Marshall, the first African American to serve on the United States Supreme Court.  Thomas was only 43 years old.  His confirmation hearings were contentious.  A former employee, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1971 President Nixon nominated William H. Rehnquist to replace Associate Justice John Marshall Harlan on the United States Supreme Court.  On December 10, 1971, the Senate confirmed his nomination. Fifteen years later, President Reagan nominated him to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1971 President Nixon announced his nomination of Lewis F. Powell to the United States Supreme Court. On December 6, 1971, the United States Senate confirmed his nomination in an 89 to 1 vote.  Take a look … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1964 James Chaney, Andy Goodman and Michael Schwerner traveled to Mississippi to help African-Americans register to vote, but in the process were murdered. The United States Justice Department filed charges against eighteen defendants for violating the civil rights of … Continue reading

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Chief Justice John Jay

On this day in 1789 John Jay was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.  Learn more at http://goo.gl/clT2In or http://goo.gl/WtEfEh.

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1961 the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case Hoyt v. Florida.  The case arose after an all-male jury convicted Gwendolyn Hoyt of killing her husband.  Hoyt argued the lack of women on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1961 oral argument took place in the Garner v. Louisiana case at the United States Supreme Court. The case arose after African American students (peacefully) sat at lunch counters reserved for white patrons in Baton Rouge. The police … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1967, the United States  Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Katz v. United States. Katz was arrested after federal agents placed an eavesdropping device on the outside of a telephone booth he used to discuss criminal … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1974 oral arguments in Taylor v. Louisiana took place at the United States Supreme Court. Billy Taylor challenged his conviction (for aggravated kidnapping) by an all-male jury. Louisiana excused women from jury service. Taylor claimed that he … Continue reading

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In the News

The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has given the okay for a lawsuit brought by New Jersey Muslims to go forward against the City of New York. The plaintiffs claim that after September 11 the City’s … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this day in 1911 John Marshall Harlan passed away. From 1877 to 1911 he was an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court where he earned the reputation as the “great dissenter.” He’s probably best known for his … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 2004 the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case Roper v. Simmons.  Roper involved a high school student, Christopher Simmons, who confessed to a murder and was tried and sentenced to death.  He was … Continue reading

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Korematsu Revisited

On this date in 1944, the case Korematsu v. United States was argued before the United States Supreme Court.  Two years earlier a military order required Fred Korematsu to leave his home in San Leandro, California, and live in a … Continue reading

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