Monthly Archives: June 2014

The Twelfth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

President Calvin Coolidge appointed Harlan Fiske Stone to be our fifty-second Attorney General of the United States in 1924.  The following year, the President nominated him as an Associate Justice to the United States Supreme Court.  The Senate confirmed Fiske’s … Continue reading

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Morning Prayers in Public Schools Violate the First Amendment

In 1958, a school district in New York adopted a policy that dictated the following prayer be recited, each morning, in its classrooms: “Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, … Continue reading

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Prayers at Graduation Can Violate the Establishment Clause

In Providence, Rhode Island, public middle and high school principals invited clergy to deliver invocations and benedictions at  graduation ceremonies.  In 1989, a middle school senior objected to this practice at her graduation, even though the prayer was nonsectarian. On … Continue reading

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A Diverse Student Body Better Prepares Future Lawyers

On this date in 2003, the United States Supreme Court decided the case Grutter v. Bollinger.  Barbara Grutter was a white, female, resident from Michigan.  She sued the University of Michigan Law School after she was rejected.  She claimed that … Continue reading

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A Conviction for Flag Burning Violated the 1st Amendment

In 1984, around 100 individuals demonstrated in Dallas, Texas, to protest President Reagan’s policies.  They chose the time and place, because the Republican National Convention was meeting there to nominate Reagan for re-election.  During the demonstration, Gregory Lee Johnson doused … Continue reading

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Chief Justice Fred Vinson

Fred Vinson was our 13th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.  Prior to his appointment he practiced law, was a congressman, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals, and he served in both President Roosevelt and … Continue reading

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Louisiana’s Creationism Act Was Found Unconstitutional

Louisiana passed a law, the” Creationism Act,” also known as the “Balanced Treatment for Creation-Science and Evolution-Science in Public School Instruction Act.”  The law forbade the teaching of evolution unless creationism was taught, as well, in public elementary and secondary … Continue reading

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Susan B. Anthony Was Found Guilty of Voting on this Day

After Susan B. Anthony voted in the 1872 congressional election, she was arrested because New York State restricted the right to vote to men.  Justice Hunt of the United States Circuit Court for the Northern District of New York, presided … Continue reading

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Bible Reading Was Found to be a Religious Ceremony

On this date in 1963, the United States Supreme Court decided School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp.  That case dealt with prayer in the public schools.  Under Pennsylvania law, at the beginning of each public school day, at … Continue reading

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The 1967 Right to Marry Case

In 1958 Mildred Jeter, part Black and part Native American, and Richard Loving, a white man, married in Washington, D.C.  Afterwards, they returned to Virginia where they planned to settle down.  According to state law at the time, interracial marriages … Continue reading

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The Court Found No Liability for Flag-Burning

Defendants (in two separate cases) were prosecuted for violating the Flag Protection Act of 1989, which made it a crime to desecrate a flag. Each defendant, purposely, burned an American flag.  They sued, claiming that their First Amendment rights were … Continue reading

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Warren Earl Burger

President Richard M. Nixon nominated Warren Burger for Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.  The Senate confirmed his appointment on this date in 1969.  He was the 15th Chief Justice and presided over the court for 17 years.

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The 1965 Case That Tackled the Right of Marital Privacy

A physician and the Executive Director of a Planned Parenthood clinic in Connecticut were convicted of violating a state law that prohibited the prescribing of birth control to married couples.  They appealed their convictions to the United States Supreme Court.  … Continue reading

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Who Was Fred M. Vinson?

Fred M. Vinson was nominated by President Truman to be the 13th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court on this date in 1946.  The Senate confirmed his nomination on June 20th.  He served on the Court for seven … Continue reading

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On This Date: Segregation in Graduate School Was Found Unconstitutional

On this date in 1950, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down two decisions that dealt with racial segregation in higher learning institutions.  In McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education et al, an African American student, with a master’s … Continue reading

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The Indian Citizenship Act

Today in 1924 Congress passed legislation that granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States.  The Act authorized the Secretary of the Interior to issue certificates of citizenship.  Read the original document here @ http://todaysdocument.tumblr.com/post/6106211097/june-2-act-to-grant-citizenship-to-indians-act.

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Louis Brandeis: Confirmed as a Supreme Court Justice in 1916

On January 28, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson nominated Louis D. Brandeis to the United States Supreme Court.  On this date in 1916, the Senate confirmed his nomination and he served on the Court until February 13, 1939.  Justice Brandeis was … Continue reading

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