Monthly Archives: May 2014

Effectuating Integration in the Public Schools

On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ordered the integration of public schools stating, “in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place.  Separate educational facilities are … Continue reading

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Does Voting in a Foreign Country Annul One’s Citizenship?

In 1912, Beys Afroyim immigrated to the United States and became a naturalized citizen (in 1926).  In 1950 he went to Israel, and the following year, voted in their elections.  When he tried to renew his passport in 1960, the … Continue reading

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The 1st Amendment Bars States From Establishing a Religion

On this date in 1982, Ishmael Jaffree filed a complaint on behalf of his children against teachers, administrators and school board officials in Mobile, Alabama.  The complaint alleged that his children were “subjected to various acts of religious indoctrination” at … Continue reading

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Desegregating the Parks & Recreational Facilities in Memphis

In 1960, African American residents in Memphis brought a lawsuit to desegregate all of the City’s parks and recreational facilities.  On this date in 1963, the Supreme Court held in Watson v. City of Memphis that, “the continued denial to … Continue reading

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The Bail Reform Act

In 1984, Congress passed the Bail Reform Act.  This legislation requires courts to detain suspected criminals charged with serious crimes, before trial, if the government can prove they are a danger to society.  The Act was challenged by two men … Continue reading

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Two Noteworthy Discrimination Cases Decided On This Date

Today in 1959, the U.S. Supreme Court held in State Athletic Commission v. Dorsey that a Louisiana statute, banning interracial prizefighting, violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.  Five years later, on this same date, the Supreme Court … Continue reading

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Remembering Associate Justice Owen J. Roberts

On this date in 1930, President Herbert Hoover nominated Owen Josephus Roberts to the United States Supreme Court.  On June 2, 1930, the Senate confirmed his appointment.  Justice Roberts was on the Supreme Court for 15 years (1930-1945).  During his … Continue reading

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Who was Belva Lockwood?

Belva Lockwood was born in 1830 and passed away on this date in 1917.  She was an attorney who fought for, and won, the right for women lawyers to appear before the United States Supreme Court.  In 1879, she became … Continue reading

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The Regrettable Plessy Decision

In 1890, the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies in the state to provide equal, but separate, cars for blacks and whites.  The races were not permitted to sit in each other’s railway cars.  Any passenger who … Continue reading

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Chinese Were At One Time Denied the Right to Practice Law

Hong Yen Chang was a Chinese immigrant who graduated from Columbia Law School in 1886, and was admitted to the New York bar in 1888.  He wanted to practice law in California as well, so he filed a motion to … Continue reading

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The Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education

Tomorrow is the 60th anniversary of the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education.  The Court ordered the integration of public schools stating, “in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. … Continue reading

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Looking Back on the National Woman Suffrage Association

Today in 1869, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association.  They had been members of the American Equal Rights Association, but broke away from that organization since they didn’t feel the 15th Amendment, which … Continue reading

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Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun

The Senate confirmed President Nixon’s nomination of Justice Harry A. Blackmun to the U.S. Supreme Court on this date in 1970.  Take a look at the Congressional record @ http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/143_1970.pdf.  This was the second time the Justice was confirmed by the … Continue reading

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Unequal Enforcement of a Law Was Deemed Unconstitutional

Today in 1886, the United States Supreme Court decided the case, Yick Wo v. Hopkins, Sheriff.  Yick Wo was arrested because he was operating a laundry business in a wooden building in San Francisco without the (required) consent of the … Continue reading

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The Chinese Exclusion Act

On this date in 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed into law the Chinese Exclusion Act.   The Act was meant to restrict immigration from China, so immigrants couldn’t compete for American jobs.  It took until the passage of the Immigration … Continue reading

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Do False Convictions Change Your Mind About the Death Penalty?

Read today’s New York Times article, “4.1% Are Said To Face Death On Convictions That Are False” @ http://goo.gl/pg7hqm.

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