Category Archives: Lawsuit

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1890 the Louisiana legislature enacted a statute that required railroad companies to provide “for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races.”  The races weren’t permitted to sit together.  Any passenger who violated the law was subject to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court decided the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. The Court unanimously held that the doctrine of “separate but equal” is inherently unequal, so it ordered the integration of … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On February 7, 1946, Arthur Terminiello delivered a controversial speech at a Christian Veterans of America meeting. In response to the views he expressed, protesters threw rocks, stones, and bricks that broke windows and doors. The police were unable to … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Gerald Gault and a friend allegedly made an obscene phone call to a neighbor. On June 8, 1964, both boys were taken into custody. After a hearing Gerald was committed to the State Industrial School until he was 21. His … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Chae Chan Ping, a Chinese immigrant, lived and worked as a laborer in San Francisco from 1875 until 1887. In 1887 he returned to China for a visit. Prior to leaving he obtained a certificate that confirmed his right to re-enter … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1971 Daniel Ellsberg, a Pentagon analyst, turned over to the New York Times, Washington Post, and other newspapers, a classified file widely known as the “Pentagon Papers”.  The file revealed  that the government was providing the American public with … Continue reading

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Remembering Mary Church Terrell

Mary Church Terrell was an African-American civil rights activist. She fought to desegregate Washington D.C. In 1949, when she and others visited a segregated popular restaurant, John R. Thompson Co., Inc., they refused to serve those who weren’t white. A … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On May 5, 2014, the United States Supreme Court decided Town of Greece v. Galloway. The Court (in a 5:4 decision) held that reciting a prayer before a town meeting doesn’t violate the Establishment Clause of the Constitution. Read more about … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1951 an all-Anglo grand jury indicted Pete Hernandez for murder in Jackson County, Texas, and then an all-Anglo petit jury found him guilty. Hernandez was of Mexican descent, so his attorneys attempted to quash both the indictment and jury … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1924 the Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feeble Minded facility sought to forcibly sterilize Carrie Buck under the state’s eugenics sterilization law. She and her mother, Emma, were under the state’s care, and Carrie allegedly had a child who was, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Taxpayers sued New York City’s Board of Education in order to challenge a policy that permitted students to leave school during the day to attend religious instruction elsewhere. No public funds were used and no religious instruction took place on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

A high school student was arrested and charged with violating the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 after bringing a (concealed) handgun and 5 bullets into his school. He moved to dismiss his indictment arguing the law was unconstitutional because … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1935 Lillian and William Gobitas were expelled from their elementary school after they refused, on religious grounds, to salute the American flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance. A lawsuit ensued on their behalf by their father. The legal … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Raphael Konigsberg graduated from the University of Southern California Law School, and passed the bar examination in 1953; however, the State of California refused to admit him to practice, because he wouldn’t answer whether he was in the past, or … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 21, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Meachum v. Fano. State prisoners, who were believed to be disruptive, sued to prevent their transfer to a less desirable facility. The issue on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 20, 1920, retired United States Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens was born in Chicago, Illinois. Learn more about Justice Stevens at https://goo.gl/JnYDLz.

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 19,1994, the United States Supreme Court held in J.E.B. v. Alabama that the Equal Protection clause prohibits gender-based discrimination during jury selection. Justice Blackmun, who authored the majority opinion, explained– “Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 14, 1968, Vietnam protesters attempted to disseminate literature against the draft and war at Lloyds Center in Portland, Oregon. The mall had a policy, however, that prohibited the distribution of handbills on its premises that had no relation … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 17, 1905, the United States Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Lochner v. New York. Joseph Lochner was the owner of a bakery in Utica, New York. He was arrested after permitting one of his bakers to work … Continue reading

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