Category Archives: United States Supreme Court

The First African-American Woman Lawyer

Charlotte E. Ray was the first African-American woman to graduate Howard University School of Law, be admitted to the Washington, D.C. bar, and thereafter practice law. Read the Congressional Record at https://goo.gl/40zmeP, and learn more about this trailblazer at http://goo.gl/6cTX7B.

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 21, 1976, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Meachum v. Fano. State prisoners, who were believed to be disruptive, sued to prevent their transfer to a less desirable facility. The issue on … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 20, 1920, retired United States Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens was born in Chicago, Illinois. Learn more about Justice Stevens at https://goo.gl/JnYDLz.

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 19,1994, the United States Supreme Court held in J.E.B. v. Alabama that the Equal Protection clause prohibits gender-based discrimination during jury selection. Justice Blackmun, who authored the majority opinion, explained– “Equal opportunity to participate in the fair administration … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On November 14, 1968, Vietnam protesters attempted to disseminate literature against the draft and war at Lloyds Center in Portland, Oregon. The mall had a policy, however, that prohibited the distribution of handbills on its premises that had no relation … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 17, 1905, the United States Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Lochner v. New York. Joseph Lochner was the owner of a bakery in Utica, New York. He was arrested after permitting one of his bakers to work … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In Baze v. Rees two death row inmates challenged the lethal injection protocol used in Kentucky death penalty cases. Solicitor General Donald Verrilli argued that the “procedures pose a danger of cruelly inhumane executions.” On April 16, 2008, the United States Supreme … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Prior to becoming an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court, Byron R. White was a college football star (visit the College Football Hall of Fame at http://goo.gl/aIJXyq), and played professionally with the Pittsburgh Pirates and Detroit Lions. After graduating … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 14, 1970, President Nixon nominated Harry A. Blackmun to the United States Supreme Court.  On May 12, 1970, the Senate confirmed his nomination (94-0).  Take a look at the Congressional Record @ http://goo.gl/uStXuR.  This was the second time … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 13, 1942, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Betts v. Brady. The question presented was– did the State of Maryland have a constitutional duty to appoint legal counsel to assist an indigent defendant indicted … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

The case of Gitlow v. New York was argued before the United States Supreme Court on April 12, 1923. The underlying facts were as follows– Benjamin Gitlow, an active member of the Left Wing Section of the Socialist Party, arranged … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 11, 1862, Charles Evans Hughes was born. From 1910-1916 he was an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court, and from 1930 to 1941 he was the Chief Justice. He was the 39th Governor of New York … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

In 1956 the State Department refused to act upon applications for passports filed by American citizens, Rockwell Kent and Walter Briehl, who were allegedly affiliated with the Communist Party. Both men sued. The District Court dismissed their case, and the … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 9, 2010, United States Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens sent a letter to President Obama stating that he was retiring from the Court. He had served as an Associate Justice for 35 years. President Ford nominated him … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Today the Senate voted (54-45) to confirm Neil Gorsuch as the 113th justice of the United States Supreme Court.  Learn more about the judge at https://goo.gl/znzU4U and https://goo.gl/aOo4JN.

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On This Date in Legal History

President Trump has proclaimed April 7– “Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A.”  Read the President’s proclamation at https://goo.gl/PjmVf2.  Learn more at https://goo.gl/83NtVN.

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 5, 1816, former Supreme Court Justice Samuel Freeman Miller was born in Kentucky.  By today’s standards he had a more unconventional background for a justice– he worked as a physician for about 10 years.  While practicing medicine, however, … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

Since George Washington was the first president, he appointed every justice to the first Supreme Court.  On April 3, 1790, he wrote a letter to the justices expressing his belief that “the Judiciary System should not only be independent in … Continue reading

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On This Date in Legal History

On April 2, 2012, the United States Supreme Court decided Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders of the County of Burlington.  The question in the case was– whether it was constitutional for correctional officers to strip-search an individual arrested for a minor … Continue reading

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Happy Birthday Justice Alito!

On April 1, 1950, Samuel A. Alito, Jr., was born in Trenton, New Jersey.  Justice Alito has been serving on the United States Supreme Court since January 31, 2006.  He was nominated by President George W. Bush to replace retiring … Continue reading

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